National Education Policy (NEP)

National Education Policy (NEP)

According to the New Education Policy (NEP), the previous 10+2 schedule will be replaced by a 5+3+3+4 curricular structure, emphasizing Early Childhood Care schooling which was previously known as pre-schooling.

Recently Union Cabinet of India introduced the National Education policy-2020 (NEP), which gave the whole world a subject to discuss. Because of this Indian potential which was digged under a type of rigidity of streams some specific area of growth will come out and shine in different fields of interest of students.
There are many types of fields and areas of interest in this living world, and they all have equal value for that respective student. The problem was that the education policy of India was previously not giving equal value to all. Because of this student are getting demotivated by their interest and getting into a Sheep walk. However, the latest amendment to the National Education Policy (NEP) will solve this problem and also introduce many new areas for success.

What Is National Education Policy (NEP)

The National Education Policy (Nep) was first drafted in 1986 to shape education in India in a systematic format. Then it was modified in 1992 and modernized and continues till now. Then in
The 2020 National Education Policy (NEP) again got modified with a dream of Global leader by the medium of Education.
India has highest Youth population which have a huge potential to have command on many directions and field. New Education Policy (NEP) will help to every student to choose their interests and command their respective subjects and get good lead on them.
Its Objective is to give overall development student including sports, creativity, science will a flavour of Technology. Because now a day to learn basic technology is necessary to even live a simple a life.


AIM of National Education Policy (NEP)

The New Education Policy (NEP) aims to give overall development with holistic learning with the flavour of Indian culture and heritage. There are some Objectives of NEP given below

  • National Education Policy (NEP) will help to take the real potential of a child which will help in nation, as there is no boundary of language or any particular subject. So, students will take an interest in learning.
  • Flexibility in learning difficult subjects
  • National Education Policy (NEP) will help in strategizing the quality of education. By this different subject can be taught in very attractive and productive manner
  • National Education Policy (NEP) will help in aware children towards their rich Indian culture and heritage which will fix the Indian smell in their hearts of which the whole world is a fan.
  • National Education Policy (NEP)will be a transparent education policy where no one will unaware of anything about education and by this there will be a reduction in forgery.
  • National Education policy (NEP) is promoting the Mother tongue means in a way they are promoting different Indian languages and even foreign languages also.
  • National Education Policy (NEP) will develop both logical thinking and creativity in students. By the combination outcome will be outstanding.


NEED Of New Education Policy (NEP)

The New Education 2020 (NEP) has eliminated the prior shortcoming that was making Indian
The education System is More Rigid and strict towards some specific streams like science-maths, commerce, Science-bio, and arts. Now these fields will not remain that rigid, any student can take any subject of their interest.

Its primary objective is to fill the gap between formal and informal education. Targeting lack of focus on Traditional subject, Vocational skills and give a tilt of technology at a par.
The Problem of unemployment is at its peak, so introducing new fields of career will help make people prioritize their field of interest. By this student can do hard work in a particular direction with their full interest.

Important Highlights of New Education Policy (NEP)

There are many changes in the new education policy (NEP), which are stated below one can read.

1. Early Schooling

Now the student will take 12 years of formal education and three years of Anganwadi/pre-school education. According to the New Education Policy (NEP), the previous 10+2 schedule will be replaced by a 5+3+3+4 curricular structure, emphasizing Early Childhood Care schooling which was previously known as pre-schooling.

2. The medium of Instruction will be the Mother Tongue

The New Education Policy (NEP) is putting more effort into studying primary student in their local regional language. This is only an instruction given by the government but it is not mandatory. This means one should try to put effort but not a strict instruction.
The mother tongue, local language, or home language is only used up to Grade 5 or Grade 8, after that local language will be taught as a subject or language. Previously mother tongue was not mandatory for the medium of instruction.

3. No more Commerce, Science, and Arts Streams

According to the New Education Policy (NEP), There will be no formal distinctions between science arts, and commerce streams. Candidate can select subjects from their list of choices. Apart from that there will be compulsory extracurricular activities and academy programs. Students will get Vocational training and internship in sixth grade.

4. No AICTE, UGC, NCTE Boards

Excluding medical and legal education there is established one single Umbrella body for all higher education in India namely – The Higher Education Commission in India (HECI). Academic standards,
Regulations will all be controlled by the same rules for both Private and Public higher education institutions.
The government will downphase the college affiliation in 15 years. And college will also get graded autonomy stage by stage.

5. FYUP Programme Good Returns & No Dropouts Loss

The Undergraduate degree will last up to 3 years or 4 years with several exits and diplomas under New Education Policy (NEP). After one year of study colleges must grant Certificates, Diplomas, or Bachelor’s degree, Including professional and vocational fields.
Academic Credits will also be stored digitally in an Academic Bank of Credit so that after completing all stages with a particular procedure one can get a Degree. By this one can take a particular degree from more than one college and take a degree at the right time. So, in a way it also increased transparency.

The New Education Policy (NEP) will provide universal Access to school Education to promote the holistic development of the student. NEP will establish a single national agency to oversee the entire education system and also give common access to all school-level education.
This policy will also provide vocational courses from preschool to 12 standard and include social worker and trained counselors in the schooling system.

6. Foundational Literacy and Numeracy Will Be Taught Early

The New Education Policy (NEP)has instructed states to implement FLN in the curriculum of Primary Schools by 2025. The policy's primary moto is to reduce course content and teach Experimental Learning, equipping students with 21st-century skills. Vocational education will also be given at 6 th to 8th grade, along with internship programs.
The New Education Policy (NEP) has also aimed to increase the ratio of graduate enrolment, this step is taken in response to the recent decline in students opting for higher education.
There will be multiple exists by which the dropout rate will decline. By this students will also feel confident and can present an official certificate or diploma in front of any skill-based firm.

7. Open and Distance Learning

The New Education Policy is also emphasizing the quality of distance learning by increasing the quality of online education. There will also be a grading system for online education, so that student can pursue any course by doing their main work at a time.

8. Innovation of Technology in Education

The National Educational Technology Forum (NETF) will be introduced as an independent body by the government. Technology integration will improve the quality of learning, improve classroom programs, increase teachers’ professional development, and help in good education planning for the students.

9. Inter-Nationalisation of Indian Education

New Education policy (NEP) will promote the inter-nationalisation of Indian education. Under this, there will be a global collaboration between many Indian and foreign institutions and universities. It will also emphasize 

  • faculty Exchange programs
  • Student exchange program and
  • promote top-level world universities to open a campus in India

10. A Profitable Investment- Education

The New Education Policy (NEP) aims to collaborate with both central and state governments to promote awareness about the new quality education system among the citizens.
The collaboration can boost the education sector by 6%of GDP which will increase educational infrastructure in our country.

Challenges Facing New Education Policy

The New Education Policy (NEP) has made revolutionary changes in the Indian Education System. But as we all know nothing can be perfect, so there are certain limitations in the New Education Policy (NEP) also. Which are given below.

1. High Enrolment targets

The aim of the New Education Policy (NEP) is to double the gross enrolment ratio of students by 2035. So, achieving this target demands very high investment and powerful management to implement this policy enrolment without any drawback.

2. Absence of Qualified teacher

India needs enough amount, qualified teachers who are familiar with the new pedagogical approach, so that students can effectively incline to the upgraded curriculum.

3. Limited Financial Resources

For implementing New Education Policy (NEP) adequate resources and funding is needed. It is quite hard to manage this much high thresholds of New Education Policy (NEP).

4. Adaptivity of Educators

Educators are generally very addicted to teaching theory subjects from generations. But from now every teacher should be multitasking and can manage practical, theory with an extra additional flavor of technology.


Exam Structure – New Education Policy (NEP)

Previously the procedure was to take exams with an interval of six months and then a year but now exams will be held at the end of classes 2nd, 5th, and 8th. Students can go through the basic information given below

1. Renewed Examination pattern

The Updated education policy works on a 5+3+3+4 structure in which the burden of examination will be less. Because the previous annual exam system puts a high burden on the minds of students that the skills of students can not be developed. The main examination will be held in class 2nd, 5th, and 8th and after that in 10th and 12th.
The schooling is divided into 3 stages Foundational learning, middle schooling, then secondary schooling.

2. Emphasis on Mother Tongue

The New Education Policy (NEP) has put emphasis on the mother tongue and regional language in the primary classes which will help students to learn their rich culture and heritage in the initial age only. By this, in their future life, they will live an ethical good, and ideal life.

3. Interdisciplinary Curriculum

New Education Policy encourages interdisciplinary and multilingual pattern of education system. Its aim is making a flexible and mobile environment in education also, so that after a period of time any student can not feel survival threat and do anything of his/ her interest.

4. Technological and Coding Education

In the New Education Policy (NEP) coding will be a very important element for the student Its important benefit will be the productive use of technology. Indian people are using technology for only entertainment but this will engage students to do something better and experimental.

5. Multidisciplinary Bachelor’s Degree

The New Education Policy (NEP) has made multiple exists where students will start to take certificates after completion of a year then a diploma then a degree.

6. Deleted M.Phil.

The New Education Policy (NEP) has deleted the M.Phil. courses in all universities and colleges. Which will consume their productive time in some skill learning or some other courses or research.

7. Higher Education Commission

A Higher Education Commission has been established under the New Education Policy (NEP) which is a regulatory body over higher education. They will also focus on the enrolment ratios and making the academic standards.

8. Regulatory Council

The National Higher Education Regulatory Council has been established under the New Education Policy (NEP) to oversee higher education. University and Colleges are financially supported by The Higher Education Grant Council.

9. Inter-Nationalisation of Education

The New Education Policy (NEP) promotes international collaborations. Under this many famous universities and colleges will develop their campuses in India. By this India will be the future of Education Hub where students will come to study from all over the world.

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